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About “Eftimie Diamandescu” Hospital – Bălăceanca

“Eftimie Diamandescu” Hospital – Bălăceanca is a monospecialty psychiatric hospital included in category V (limited level of competence).[1] The institution is situated in Ilfov County, Cernica Township, Bălăceanca village, in the eastern area of Bucharest, with direct access from the A2 highway.

It was built by Eftimie Diamandescu, former mayor of Bucharest, during February 1870 and September 1870. Its initial purpose was that of an “asylum for the physically infirm”, under the name of “Diamandescu Asylum”.

In Eftimie Diamandescu’s testament, done at the 4th of July 1893, it is mentioned: “Bălăceanca, my domain from Ilfov County, will be forever equipped for servicing the Asylum established on the domain in 1890, under the complete care of my spouse Sophia, as long as she may live, disposing of the whole annual revenue; from the proceeds of the estate the Asylum shall be supported, giving to each and every of them one loaf of bread, accommodation, meals, firewood and an allowance of five lei a month; the numbers of the asylum residents will coincide with the whole revenue of the estate, being preferred peasants from Bălăceanca domain, and the Asylum will be named “Diamandescu Asylum”; and if in time, the annual revenue of the estate will grow larger, also should the number of the asylum residents be, being established even in homes of propriety; the maintenance of the asylum, of the school and of the Holly Church established in 1844, will be ran by my wife, for as long as she may live, with impunity, having every confidence in her; a caretaker will be named, remunerated with 1200 lei yearly and accommodated in the asylum, two servants remunerated with 320 lei yearly each, both accommodated in the asylum, and, for the maintaining of all the annexes, 1000 lei will be spent yearly, even more if need arise,  keeping everything in good condition.”

The deed of the hospital’s establishment dates from 1890, but it was inaugurated on the 1st of October, 1900. In 1951, the hospital is mentioned in the files under the name of “Psychiatric Hospital Number 9, Bălăceanca Ward”, and starting with 1976, regains its independency under the name of “Bălăceanca Psychiatric Hospital”. By the Government Decision number 692/13.08.1996, “Bălăceanca” Psychiatric Hospital, will have become subordinated to the Bucharest Directorate of Public Health and will have been reorganized, for a short time, as an unincorporated ward, without legal personality, of the Bucharest Neurologic and Psychiatric Hospital “Professor Doctor Gh. Marinescu (currently the Obregia Hospital).

Starting with 1998, on the basis of the Governmental Decision number   949/27.11.1998, the hospital operated once again in its own right, as a specialized public institution, with legal personality, subordinated to the Ilfov Directorate of Public Health, under the name of Bălăceanca Psychiatric Hospital, later its name changing to the Psychiatric Hospital Domniţa Bălaşa (Lady Balasa) (2003), subsequently its name changing again to “Eftimie Diamandescu” Bălăceanca Psychiatric Hospital (2009), name under which it functions to this day. In 2010, on the basis of the Governmental Decision 529/2010, the hospital passed from the subordination of the Ministry of Health, through the Ilfov Directorate of Public Health, to the Ilfov County Council.

Since 2007, the “Eftimie Diamandescu” Bălăceanca Psychiatric Hospital offers the following services within the psychiatric day stationary service: Psychodiagnostics and Psychological Assessment, Psychotherapy, Ergotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Art-therapy (painting, clay molding, knitting), Recreational Therapies – sports  (football, tennis, Ping-Pong, badminton, basketball, handball); chess, rummy, checkers, card games; a Cinematheque; a library; group therapy; individual therapy; short-term therapies; psychological counseling; spiritual counseling – Orthodox Chapel.

Even since 2007, the psychiatric day stationary has been evolving, improving the services rendered, as well as the working method with the patients, seeking to improve their cognitive abilities, their interpersonal and communication skills, their self-knowledge, and unlocking individual resources, psycho-social education resources and resources regarding the prevention of a possible relapse.

At the current time, the hospital has a collection of 80 plastic artworks from several categories: paintings on canvas, paintings on glass, drawings, etching prints, etcetera, the collection being well preserved.

[1] According to the Order of the Ministry of Health 1764/2006 with subsequent amendments.

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